Hot! The Biography of the Shaykh Alayhi Rahma

Early Life and Upbringing:

Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq ibn Muhammad Hasan ibn Rashid ibn Hasan al-Halabi was born inDamascusat his father’s home in the suburb of al-Qaymariyya in 1925 (1343H).

The Shaykh grew up in a religious environment as his father regularly attended the lessons of the `Ulema and his mother was the daughter of the Mufti of Syria, Shaykh Ata`illah al-Kasm.

Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq’s father passed away when he had not yet exceeded eight years of age. He was cared for by his mother and his uncle, Muhammad `Id al-Halabi.

Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq completed his reading of the Qur’an when he was about seven

years old, thereafter he entered primary school from where he graduated in 1937. The

Shaykh entered the next level of his schooling where he remained for about two years

after which he abandoned formal studies and began working as a manager between the 2 years 1939-1952. In 1955 the Shaykh married from the Zabib family of Damascus. He has been blessed with seven children.

His Education and Teachers:

Throughout his life Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq has devoted himself to attending lessons and acquiring knowledge from the foremost `Ulema.

The Shaykh memorised the Qur’an, the text of al-shatibiyya and al-durra and he completed the ten qira’at. He also studied fiqh, various books of tafsir, Hadith and the Arabic language with various scholars. Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq also memorised the alfiyya ibn malik and various other texts.

From amongst his Shuyukh were:

•Shaykh Muhammad Salih al-Farfur

Shaykh Muhammad Salih al-Farfur is regarded as his foremost teacher. Shaykh `Abdul

Razzaq attached himself closely to Shaykh Salih al-Farfur and his classes until his teacher passed away [1]. Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq loved Shaykh Salih’s lessons. Under Shaykh Salih’s guidance and supervision, Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq read and studied tafsir al-nasafi, sharh muslim by Imam al-Nawawi, al-targhib wal tarhib, nur al-idah and al-maraqi and the hashiyya by al-Tahtawi. He also studied al-quduri and its commentaries, majma` al-anhur, aldur al-mukhtar, hashiyyat ibn `abidin, al-manar and its commentary, al-bayquniyya and its commentaries and tadrib al-rawi. After reading the alfiyya to Shaykh Salih al-Farfur, he was rewarded in that whatever he studied thereafter, Shaykh Salih simplified it for him.

•Shaykh Mahmud Fa’iz al-Da’ir Atani With him, Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq memorised the Qur’an and al-shatibiyya.

• Shaykh Muhammad Sa`id al-Halwani With him he started learning the qira’at. He failed to complete it because his teacher passed away.

• Shaykh Husayn Khattab Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq completed the study of the ten qira’at under him as well as alshatibiyya and al-durra. He received Ijazah from him.

• Shaykh Abul Yusr `Abidin

• Shaykh Ahmad al-Qasimi

• Shaykh Muhammad al-`Arabi al-Tabbani

• Shaykh Muhammad ibn `Alawi al-Maliki

He also met and is well acquainted with Shaykh Abul Khayr al-Maydani, Shaykh Makki al-Kattani and Shaykh Ibrahim al-Ghalayyini.

His Students:

Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq has been actively involved in teaching for over fifty years during

which hundreds studied under and benefited from him.

Seven students, in particular, completed the ten qira’at and received Ijazah from him in this. They are:

• Shaykh Ihsan al-Sayyid Badruddin ibn `Izzat al-Aghwani

• Shaykh Ahmad ibn `Abdul Rahman al-Khaja

• Shaykh Ghassan ibn Qasim al-Hiba

• Shaykh Ziyad ibn Muhammad al-Hurani

• Shaykh Rifat `Ali Dib

• Shaykh Muhammad Sadiqa

• Shaykh Abu Na’im Muhammad ibn Ahmad Shabu read the entire Qur’an with the narration of Hafs and also received Ijazah

• Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ahmad Hahud al-Tilmasani read the entire Qur’an

as per the narration of Warsh as well as the arba`in al-ajluniyya and he also received Ijazah.

Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq has also granted general ijazat to other `Ulema including:

Shaykh Muhammad Adib al-Kallas

Shaykh Akram ibn `Abdul Wahhab al-Musili

Shaykh Majd ibn Ahmad Makki al-Halabi

Shaykh Qasim ibn `Ali Sad al-Hanafi

Shaykh Muhammad Wa’il al-Hanbali

Shaykh `Abdullah ibn Ahmad al-Tum

Shaykh Abul Isad Khalid al-Siba’i

Shaykh `Umar ibn Muwaffaq al-Nashuqati

Shaykh Yahya ibn `Abdul Razzaq al-Ghawthani

Shaykh Khalid Hasan Abul Jud

Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq dedicated his life to teaching and guiding the Ummah. The Shaykh taught at Mahad al-Fath al-Islami in its specialisation programme. Some of the texts he has taught include: sahih al-bukhari, al-shifa by Qadi Iyad, hashiyyat ibn `abidin, tafsir al-qurtubi, al-ikhtiyar, hashiyyat al-tahtawi `ala maraqil falah, tafsir al-nasafi, tafsir al-khazin, ihya `ulum al-din, riyad al-salihin, sunan abi dawud, jami` al-usul and many others.

The Shaykh was appointed as a lecturer and a public speaker (khatib) in numerous mosques – in Jami` al-Qittat for fifteen years, Jami` al-Jarah for twenty-four years and then finally at Masjid Bilal. He took over the administration of the Grand Ummawi Mosque and was the leading Hanafi scholar there.

When Shaykh Husayn Khattab, the Grand Shaykh of the qurra passed away, people were ready to accept Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq as the Grand Shaykh but he relinquished this position for Shaykh MuhammadKura’im Rajih.4

Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq al-Halabi was one of the founding members of Jami`at al-Fath Al-Islami along with Shaykh Muhammad Salih al-Farfur and he took over as the head after Shaykh Salih’s demise.

He has traveled through countries likeEgypt,Libya,Iran,Malaysia,Turkey, the Gulf, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, delivering lectures from which many benefited.

Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq has combined vast knowledge with the excellent qualities and character of the pious. He is not a person who is attached to worldly glitter and gives abundant sadaqa. He firmly adheres to the Sunnah and is not a person who holds any hatred or malice against anyone. The Shaykh is very concerned about the affairs of the people and is loved by all in his country. Shaykh `Abdul Razzaq has performed Hajj over forty times.

May Allah protect him and may He bless him in his life and in his knowledge.

Shaykh Abd al-Razzaq al-Halabi is the leading living Hanafi scholar of Damascus. He has taught the Hashiya of Ibn Abidin (‘Radd al-Muhtar) at least a dozen times, cover to cover. This work is in 5 very large volumes in its old (Bulaq) edition, and the new editions range from 12 to 20-plus volumes. This dars would occur between Maghrib and Isha daily, without fail, six days a week–with Fridays off.

He is very serious about completing books with his students, and inculcates a seriousness for study and the subject in his students, as well as having stern disapproval for wasting time, useless questions, and foolish behavior.

The idea that, “Knowledge comes first,” is firmly ingrained in his committed students. Two of his close students–recognized scholars and teachers in their own right–were invited to the wedding of a scholar with whom some misunderstandings had occurred. Attending the wedding would have meant missing Shaykh Abd al-Razzaq’s Hashiyat Ibn Abidin lesson. Very nervously–and half-expecting the response–they went into Shaykh Abd al-Razzaq’s room in the right corner of the front of the Ummayyad Mosque. They asked for permision. The Shaykh barely looked up from his glasses, stooped over his large desk, and said, “It isn’t possible. Knowledge comes first.”

May Allah preserve Shaykh Abd al-Razzaq and the scholars of our Community, and spread the light of their teachings and example–for this light is the Prophetic inheritance. It is the gift of God to humanity.