Hot! Shaykh Muḥammad Adīb al-Kallās

Summarized & Translated by
Shoayb Ahmed and Arfan Shah
Released by 1430 H
He is the erudite scholar, the learned teacher, the zahid, the renowned jurist,
Muḥammad Adīb al-Kallās b. Aḥmad b. al-Ḥāj Dīb.

Childhood and upbringing
He was born in 1921 in the suburb of al-Qamariyah in Damascus, Syria. His father,
Aḥmad al-Kallās was one of the mujāhids against the French colonialists and he had
memorized the Qur’ān and retained it very well. His father was an expert at his work. His
mother, our lady Durriya Al-Kallās was known for her generous nature, excellent
character, forbearance and etiquette. She passed away whilst Shaykh Muḥammad Adīb

This article has been summarized and translated from the biography which was written by the shaykh’s
son, Aḥmad al-Kallās who is a member of the administrative committee of Ma’had al-Fath al-Islāmī.
Aḥmad read his own biography to him after which the Shaykh said: “Allāhumma yā Tawwāb” (O Allah,
The One Who accepts a person’s repentance).

Al-Kallās was still a boy and he was taken care of by his sister and his aunt. From a young
age, he was known for his intelligence and the way he acknowledged the rights of others.
Teachers he received knowledge from
His father enrolled him in the schools administered by the shuyūkh because he wished
that his son be distanced from the government schools during the days of the French
occupation. He studied at Madrasah al-Kāmiliyyah and at Madrasah al-Jawhariyah alSafarjalāniyyah. At the latter he acquainted himself with Shaykh Muḥammad ‘Īd alSafarjalānī.

He moved to al-Madrasah al-Amīniyyah where Shaykh Kāmil al-Baghāl was and where
he was taught by Shaykh Khayr al-Jalād. Thereafter he continued studying at the mosque
and at the school of Shaykh ‘Abd Allah al-Munjalān after which he moved to Madrasah
al-Irshād wa al-Ta’līm.

In 1931, when he was 10 years old he had already read and studied al-Arba’īn alNawawiyyah and some basic Fiqh essentials like Nūr al-Idāḥ under Shaykh Ṣāliḥ alFarfūr. Thereafter his father made him work as a tailor, a job he did until the late hours of the night. As a result he was unable to continue his lessons with Shaykh Ṣāliḥ al-Farfūr.

He worked with his father in the family business but he punctually attended the lessons
and study circles conducted by Shaykh Suhayl al-Khaṭīb which focused on sending
salutations on the Prophet Muḥammad  and the lessons by Shaykh Hāshim al-Khaṭīb
where he read the Qur’ān.

He eventually returned to the lessons of Shaykh Ṣāliḥ al-Farfūr and the reason for this
was that he used to assist his younger brother in solving some mathematical problems
which he had learnt at school. The younger brother was surprised and he used to say that
he ought to accompany him to the mosque where he would get answers to other complex
questions. Shaykh Adīb accepted and resumed acquiring knowledge.

When Shaykh Ṣāliḥ saw him, he welcomed him graciously and as soon as he noticed the
boy’s wit and memory he directed him to a teacher, ‘Abd al-Ḥalīm Fāris who taught him
some Arabic grammar. He came first in the examination and he received a copy of alRisālat al-Qushayriyyah from Shaykh Ṣāliḥ al-Farfūr which he still has. He completed the
lessons in grammar, Ibn ‘Aqīl and al-Balāghah al-Wādiḥah.

He studied some Fiqh texts under Shaykh ‘Abd al-Razzāq al-Ḥalabī and some of the
important books in Tawḥīd under Shaykh Ṣāliḥ al-Farfūr together with some logic,
inheritance, Tafsīr, Ḥadīth, Muṣṭalaḥ, Taṣawwuf, Tajwīd and some of Khulāsat al-Ḥisāb
by al-Āmilī.

Shaykh Adīb spent the time after Fajr engaged in ‘ibādah and thereafter he studied
Ḥāshiyat Ibn ‘Ābidīn and in the evenings after Maghrib he continued studying. During
the day, he worked with his father.

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